Publications

Aharoni, E., Kleider-Offutt, H. M., & Brosnan, S. F.. (2021). Correctional “free lunch”? Cost neglect increases punishment in prosecutors. Frontiers in Psychology. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.778293/full

 

Aharoni, E., Simpson, D., Nahmias, E., & Gollwitzer, M. (in press). A painful message: Testing the roles of suffering and understanding in punishment judgments. Zeitschrift für Psychologie.

 

Aharoni, E., Abdulla, S., Allen, C. H., and Nadelhoffer, T. (in press). Ethical implications of neurobiologically informed risk assessment for criminal justice decisions. MIT Press.

 

Irvin-Vitela, M., Maurer, M. J., Aharoni, E., Fernandes, S., Edwards, B. G., Decety, J., Harenski, C., & Kiehl, K. A. (2021). Reduced endorsement of specific moral foundations in incarcerated adult women with elevated psychopathic traits. Personality and Individual Differences.

 

Aharoni, E. (2021). Bias at the surface or the core? A comment on the psychology of the trial judge. In B. Brozek, J. Hage, & N. Vincent (Ed.’s) Law and Mind. A Handbook of Law and the Cognitive Sciences. Cambridge University Press. (pdf)

 

Allen, C. & Aharoni, E. (2021). Current Trends in Cognitive Neuroscience and Criminal Punishment. In F. Focquaert, E. Shaw, & B. Waller (Eds.) The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy and Science of Punishment. Routledge. (pdf)

 

Aharoni, E. & Hoffman, M. B. (2020). Evolutionary psychology, jurisprudence, and sentencing. In T. Shackelford (Ed.) The SAGE Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. SAGE Publications.

Aharoni, E., Kleider-Offutt, H. M., Brosnan, S. F., & Fernandes, S. (2020). Slippery scales: Cost priming selectively modulates sentencing recommendations in laypeople. PLOS One. (pdf)

 

Fernandes, S., Aharoni, E., Harenski, C., & Kiehl, H. A. (2020) Anomalous moral intuitions in juvenile offenders with psychopathic traits. Journal of Research in Personality, 86. 

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2020.103962

Aharoni, E., Kleider-Offutt, H. M., & Brosnan, S. F. (2019). The price of justice: Cost neglect increases criminal punishment recommendations. Legal and Criminological Psychology.  (pdf)

 

Aharoni, E., Anderson, N. E., Barnes, J. C., *Allen, C. H., & Kiehl, K. A. (2019). Mind the gap: Toward an integrative science of the brain and crime. BioSocieties. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41292-019-00167-3

 

Allen, C., Felsen, G., Vold, K., Blumenthal-Barby, J., & Aharoni, E. (2019). Reconciling the opposing effects of neurobiological evidence on criminal sentencing judgments. PLOS ONE (pdf)

Aharoni, E., Kleider-Offutt, H. M., Brosnan, S. F., & Watzek, J. (2018). Justice at Any Cost? The Impact of Cost/Benefit Salience on Criminal Punishment Judgments. Behavioral Sciences & the Law. (pdf)

 

Kiehl, K. Anderson, N. E., Aharoni, E. Maurer, M., Harenski, K., Harenski, C. L., Koenigs, M., Decety, J., Kosson, D., Wager, T. D., Calhoun, V. D., & Steele, V. (2018). Age of Gray Matters: Neuroprediction of Recidivism. Neuroimage: Clinical, 19, 813-823. 

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2018.05.036

Nahmias, E. & Aharoni, E. (2017). Communicative Theories of Punishment and the Impact of Apology. In C. W. Surprenant (Ed.) Rethinking punishment in an era of mass incarceration. Routledge. (pdf)

Hardison,  C.,  Aharoni,  E.,  Larson,  C.,  Trochill,  S.,  &  Hou,  A.  (2017).  Stress  and dissatisfaction  in  remotely  piloted  aircraft  personnel.  RAND  Report RR-1756-AF. Retrieved from http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR1756.html

Aharoni,  E.  &  Vincent,  N.  A.  (2016).  Psychopathic  brains  on  trial.  Emotion  Researcher, ISRE’s  Sourcebook  for  Research  on  Emotion  and  Affect,  Andrea  Scarantino  (ed.), http://emotionresearcher.com/psychopathic-brains-on-trial/

Steele, V. R., Claus, E. D., Aharoni, E., Vincent, G. M., Calhoun, V. D., & Kiehl, K. A. (2015). Multimodal imaging measures predict rearrest. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9, 425.

 

Miller, L. L., & Aharoni, E. (2015) Understanding low survey response rates among young U.S. military personnel. RAND Report RR-881-AF. Retrieved from https://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/research_reports/RR800/RR881/RAND_RR881.pdf

 

Breslau, J., Aharoni, E., Pedersen, E., & Miller, L. L. (2015). A review of research on problematic Internet use and well-being. RAND Report RR-849-AF. Retrieved from https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR849.html

 

Wong, C., Aharoni, E., Aliev, G., & DuBois, J. (2015). Blind collaborative justice: Testing the impact of expert blinding and consensus building on the validity of expert testimony. RAND Report RR-804-1-NIJ. Retrieved from https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR804-1.html 

 

Aharoni, E., Sinnott-Armstrong, W., & Kiehl, K. A. (2014). What's wrong? Moral understanding in psychopathic offenders. Journal of Research in Personality, 53, 175-181.

 

Aharoni, E., Mallett, J., Vincent, G. M., Harenski, C. L., Calhoun, V. D., Sinnott-Armstrong, W., Gazzaniga, M. S., & Kiehl, K. A. (2014). Predictive accuracy in the neuroprediction of rearrest. Social Neuroscience.

 

Aharoni, E., Rabinovich, L., Mallett, J., & Morral, A. (2014). An assessment of program sustainability in three Bureau of Justice Assistance criminal justice domains. RAND Report RR-550-BJA. Retrieved from https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR550.html

 

Steele, V. R., Claus, E. D., Aharoni, E., Harenski, C. L., Calhoun, V. D., Pearlson, G. & Kiehl, K. A. (2014). A large scale (N = 102) functional neuroimaging study of error processing in a Go/NoGo task. Behavioural Brain Research. 268, 127-138.

 

Saks, M. J., Schweitzer, N. J., Aharoni, E., & Kiehl, K. (2014). The impact of neuroimages in the sentencing phase of capital trials. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, 11(1), 105-131.

 

Steele, V. R., Aharoni, E., Munro, G. E., Calhoun, V. D., Nyalakanti, P., Stevens, M. C., Pearlson, G. D., & Kiehl, K. A. (2013). A large scale (n=102) functional neuroimaging study of response inhibition in a Go/NoGo Task. Behavioural Brain Research, 256, 529–536.

 

Aharoni, E., Vincent, G. M., Harenski, C. L., Calhoun, V. D., Sinnott-Armstrong, W., Gazzaniga, M. S., & Kiehl, K. A. (2013). Neuroprediction of future rearrest. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 6223-6228. Retrieved from http://www.pnas.org/content/110/15/6223

 

Aharoni, E. & Fridlund, A. J. (2013). Moralistic punishment as a crude social insurance plan. In T. Nadelhoffer (Ed.) The Future of Punishment. Oxford University Press (pp. 213-229).
 

Aharoni, E. & Kiehl, K. A. (2013). Evading justice: Quantifying criminal success in incarcerated psychopathic offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 40, 629-645. (pdf)

 

Aharoni, E., Sinnott-Armstrong, W., & Kiehl, K. A. (2012). Can Psychopathic Offenders Discern Moral Wrongs? A New Look at the Moral/Conventional Distinction. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121(2), 484-497. (pdf)

 

Aharoni, E. & Fridlund, A. J. (2011). Punishment without reason: Isolating retribution in lay punishment of criminal offenders. Psychology, Public Policy, and the Law, 18(4), 599-625. (pdf)

 

Aharoni, E., Antonenko, O., & Kiehl, K. A. (2011). Disparities in the moral intuitions of criminal offenders: The role of psychopathy. Journal of Research in Personality, 45(3), 322-327. (pdf)

 

Aharoni, E. (2009). Why do we punish? Studies of lay judgments against criminal offenders. Doctoral dissertation, Department of Psychology, UCSB. Santa Barbara, CA.

 

Aharoni, E., Funk, C., Sinnott-Armstrong, W., Gazzaniga, M. (2008). Can neurological evidence help courts assess criminal responsibility? Lessons from law and neuroscience. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1124:145-60. (pdf)

 

Aharoni, E., Weintraub, L. & Fridlund, A. J. (2007). No skin off my back: Retribution deficits in psychopathic motives for punishment. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 26(5), 869-889. (pdf)

 

Aharoni, E. & Fridlund, A. J. (2007). Social reactions toward people vs. computers: How mere labels shape interactions. Computers in Human Behavior, 23, 2175-2189. (pdf)

 

Bailenson, J., Aharoni, E., Beall, A., Guadagno, R., Dimov, A., Blascovich, J. (2004). Comparing behavioral and self-report measures of agents' social presence in immersive virtual environments. Proceedings of the 7th Annual International Workshop on PRESENCE. (2004, Valencia, Spain). Retrieved from https://vhil.stanford.edu/mm/2004/bailenson-comparing.pdf

 

Papers & Presentations

 

Aharoni, E., Kleider-Offutt, H., & Brosnan, S. (November, 2021). Out of sight, out of mind: Low transparency increases punishment recommendations in a national survey of prosecutors. Panel presentation for the Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology.

 

Aharoni, E., Kleider-Offutt, H., & Brosnan, S. (August, 2021). Effects of Cost-Benefit Disclosure and Other Contextual Factors on Sentencing Judgments in Legal Professionals and Laypeople. San Francisco District Attorney’s Office.

 

Aharoni, E., Simpson, D., Nahmias, E., & Gollwitzer, M. (July, 2021). A painful message: Testing the roles of suffering and understanding in punishment judgments. Symposium presentation for the Annual conference of the International Society for Justice Research.

 

Aharoni, E., Kleider-Offutt, H., & Brosnan, S. Out of Sight, out of Mind: Neglecting the Cost of Punishment Increases Criminal Sentencing Recommendations in Prosecutors. (May, 2021). Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science.

 

Allen, C. H, Nahmias, E., & Aharoni, E. (2021). Neuro-interventions as Punishment? The Neuroethics Blog. Retrieved on March 11, 2021, from http://www.theneuroethicsblog.com/2021/03/neuro-interventions-as-punishment.html

 

Aharoni, E., Allen, C. H., Gullapalli, A., Harenski, C. L., Harenski, K. A., & Kiehl, K. A. (2021). Limbic activity predicts reoffending in women: A partial validation and extension. Annual (Virtual) Meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society.

 

Allen, C. H., Aharoni, E., Harenski, C. L., Harenski, K. A., & Kiehl, K. A. (2021). Functional connectivity measures in the salience network improve predictions of rearrest: a resting state analysis. Annual (Virtual) Meeting of the Cognitive Neuroscience Society.

 

Fernandes, S., Aharoni, E., Harenski, C. & Kiehl, K. (2021). How are moral values and affective subtraits of psychopathy associated with criminality? A cross-sectional study of incarcerated individuals using the moral foundations approach. Annual Convention of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology.

 

Simpson, D., Nahmias, E., & Aharoni, E. (2021). System 1 and moral dilemmas: Cognitive reflection is associated with less self-sacrifice. International Conference on Moral Psychology and Personality.

 

Allen, C. H., Nahmias, E., & Aharoni, E. (2020). Moral Intuitions Regarding NIBS Interventions in Criminal Offenders. (Virtual) Annual Meeting of the International Neuroethics Society. 

 

Fernandes, S. & Aharoni, E. (2020). Do Juvenile Offenders Have Different Morals than Kids Who Don’t Get Into Trouble? Society for Personality and Social Psychology blog. Posted on November 11, 2020 at spsp.org.

 

Aharoni, E. (2020). Virtuous vegetarian or opportunistic omnivore? PEA Soup philosophy blog. Posted on August 28, 2020 at peasoup.us.

 

Fernandes, S., Simpson, D., Nahmias, E., & Aharoni, E. (2020). Unwavering Moral Motives: Comparing Deontological and Utilitarian Punishment Motivations. American Psychological Society annual conference. 

 

Bash, N.I., Walker, K.A., Offutt, H.M., Aharoni, E.A., & Brosnan, S.F. (2020). Effects of cost-framing on mandatory minimum sentencing. Georgia State University Undergraduate Research Conference. Atlanta, GA.

 

Aharoni, E., Kleider-Offutt, H. M., & Brosnan, S. F. (2020). Effects of cost-benefit framing and education on punishment judgments. American Psychology-Law Society conference. New Orleans, LA.

 

Aharoni, E. (2019). Effects of cost-benefit framing on the consumption of punishment. Fair and Just Prosecution meeting. Durham, NC.

 

Aharoni, E. (2019). Psychopathy: A construct under construction. Forensic Issues and Externalizing Behaviors annual conference. Atlanta, GA.

 

*Allen, C. H., *Abdulla, S., Nadelhoffer, T. & Aharoni, E. (2019). Ethical Implications of Neurobiologically Informed Risk Assessment for Criminal Justice Decisions: A Case for Pragmatism. Annual Meeting of the International Neuroethics Society. Chicago, IL, 2019.

 

Aharoni, E. (2019). Slippery scales: Effects of cost-benefit framing on the consumption of punishment. Georgia State University, Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology. Atlanta, GA.

 

Aharoni, E. & Hoffman, M. B. (2019). Judges’ age, gender, and other influences in sentencing. 2019 Colorado Judicial Conference. Vail, CO.

 

Aharoni, E. (2019). Justice at any cost? Studies on the over-consumption of punishment. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Justice in Criminal Law. Bielefeld, Germany.

 

Aharoni, E. (2019). Autonomy in Sentencing: Lessons from a 10-year-old child. PEA Soup philosophy blog. Posted on May 29, 2019 at peasoup.us.

 

Aharoni, E. (2019). Justice at any cost? Effect of cost disclosure on the consumption of punishment. Legal Education Seminar for the Office of the District Attorney of Philadelphia. Philadelphia, PA.

 

Aharoni, E. (2019). Out of sight, out of mind: Effects of cost salience on the consumption of punishment. Harvard University. Cambridge, MA.

 

*Allen, C. H. & Aharoni, E. (2019). Brain scan evidence in criminal sentencing: A blessing and a curse. The Conversation. Posted on April 2, 2019 at TheConversation.com

 

*Fernandes, S., Aharoni E., Harenski, C., & Kiehl, K. A. (2019). Anomalous moral intuitions in juvenile offenders with psychopathic traits. Annual meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Psychopathy. Las Vegas, NV, 2019.

 

Aharoni, E., Kleider-Offutt, H. M., Brosnan, S. F., & *Watzek, J. (2019). Does punishment grow on trees? Effects of cost salience on sentencing judgments. American Psychology-Law Society. Portland, OR, 2019.

 

*Allen, C., *Watzek, J., Kleider-Offutt, H. M., Brosnan, S. F., & Aharoni, E. (2018). Justice at all costs? Transparency about the costs of incarceration decreases lay sentencing recommendations. Annual meeting of the Society for Judgment & Decision Making. New Orleans, LA, 2018.

 

Aharoni, E., Kleider-Offutt, H. M., Brosnan, S. F., & *Watzek, J. (2018). Justice at all costs? The effect of cost salience on punishment decisions. Symposium on Criminal Justice Attitude Formation and Change. International Society for Justice Research. Atlanta, GA, 2018.

 

Aharoni, E. (2018). A brief tour of the narrowing gap between criminal law and the science of mind. University of South Carolina School of Law. Columbia, SC, 2018.

 

Aharoni, E. (2018). Survey Says You’re doing it wrong: 5 mistakes that ruin survey research. Annual Summit of the Exan Group. Vancouver, BC, 2018.

 

*Allen, C., Felsen, G., Blumenthal-Barby, J., Vold, K., & Aharoni, E. (2017). Effects of Framing on Criminal Punishment Decisions Involving Reoffense Risk. Annual Meeting of the International Neuroethics Society. Washington, DC, 2017.

 

*Allen, C. H., Felson, G., Blumenthal-Barby, J., Vold, K., & Aharoni, E. (2017). Testing Effects of Framing on Punishment Decisions Involving Violence Risk Assessment. Poster session presented at the Second Century Initiative Poster Day, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA.

 

Kerkmans, J. P., Gaudet, L. M., Miller, M. E., Aharoni, E., & Kiehl, K. A. (2017). International Use of Neuroscience Evidence in Legal Proceedings: A Comparative Review of the United States, England/Wales, Canada, and the Netherlands. Annual Meeting of the International Neuroethics Society. Washington, DC, 2017.

 

Aharoni, E. (2017). Justice at all costs? Rethinking risk with the science of mind. TEDxABQ, Albuquerque, NM, 2017.

 

Aharoni, E., Nahmias, E., & *Watzek, J. (2017). Communicative punishment and the impact of apology. Society for Philosophy and Psychology in Baltimore, MD, 2017.

 

Aharoni, E. (2017). Ethical implications of neuroprediction. Human Brain Mapping, Vancouver, BC, 2017.

 

Aharoni, E., Felsen, G., Blumenthal-Barby, J., Vold, K. & *Allen, C. (2017). Effects of framing on criminal punishment decisions involving reoffense risk. Summer Seminars in Neuroscience and Philosophy in Durham, NC, 2017.

 

Aharoni, E. (2017). Lay perceptions of neurobiological evidence. The Weaver Institute Neuroscience and Law Symposium in Cincinnati, OH, 2017.

 

Gaudet, L. G., Kerkmans, J. P., Aharoni, E., & Kiehl, K. A. (2017). Investigation of the ethical, scientific, and legal issues regarding the use of neuroscience and other types of prediction tools in legal decision-making. International Bioethics Retreat in Paris France, 2017.

 

*Watzek, J., *Bond, A. D., Kleider-Offutt, H. M., Brosnan, S. F., & Aharoni E. (2017). Justice at all costs? Transparency about the costs of incarceration decreases criminal sentencing recommendations by laypeople. Association for Psychological Science in Boston, MA, 2017.

 

Aharoni, E., & Cino, J. (2017). Neuroscience and the law. 24th Annual Criminal Practice CLE in Kennesaw, GA, 2017.

 

*Haskell, A., Jahedi, S., Parker, A., *Watzek, J., Fridlund, A. J., & Aharoni, E. (2016). Effects of Cost Framing on Simulated Voting Decisions. Annual conference of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making in Boston, MA, 2016.

 

Kiehl, L. G., Kerkmans, J., Aharoni, E., Cope, L., & Kiehl, K. A. (2016). Neuroprediction in forensic contexts: Legal and ethical implications. 4th Annual Conference on Governance of Emerging Technologies in Tempe, Arizona, 2016.

 

*Verkiel, S., *McGuire, M., & Aharoni, E. (2016). The ethics of neurobiological risk assessment. Atlanta Neuroscience Symposium. Atlanta, GA, 2016.


*Widdows, M., Steele, V. R., Aharoni, E., & Kiehl, K. A. (2015). Prediction of recidivism using the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised and the Psychopathic Personality Inventory within a forensic sample. Conference proceedings of the Society for the Scientific Study of Psychopathy in Chicago, IL 2015.

Aharoni, E., Rabinovich, L., Mallett, J., & Morral, A. (2014). An Assessment of Program Sustainability in Three Bureau of Justice Assistance Criminal Justice Domains. Briefing to the DOJ Bureau of Justice Assistance in Washington, D. C.

 

Aharoni, E. & Kiehl, K. A. (2011). Neural Mechanisms of Passive Avoidance Learning in Psychopathy. Conference proceedings of the Society for the Scientific Study of Psychopathy in Montreal, CAN 2011.

 

Aharoni, E. & Kiehl, K. A. (2011). Quantifying Criminal Success in Psychopathic Offenders. Conference proceedings of the Society for the Scientific Study of Psychopathy in Montreal, CAN 2011.

 

Aharoni, E. (2009). Current issues in moral judgment. Seminar on Law and Neuroscience in Santa Barbara, CA 2009.

 

Aharoni, E. & Fridlund, A. J. (2009). Why do we punish? Victim mate value sways criminal punishment in mock trials. Conference proceedings of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology in Tampa, FL 2009.

 

Aharoni, E., Fridlund, A. J., Weintraub, L. & Ma, T. (2007). Selective attention to threat in the psychopathic personality. Conference proceedings of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society, Williamsburg, VA 2007.

 

Aharoni, E. & Fridlund, A. J. (2007). Measuring punitive motives: A matter of life and death. Proceedings of the Law, The Brain, and Behavior Conference in Squaw Valley, CA 2007.

 

Aharoni, E. & Fridlund, A. J. (2005). Not just revenge: the role of behavior control in 3rd-party punishment. Conference proceedings of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology in New Orleans, LA 2005.

 

Aharoni, E. & Fridlund, A. J. (2004). Effects of identity labeling and evaluative feedback on response biases toward human and computer interviewers. Conference proceedings of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology in Austin, TX 2004.

 

Aharoni, E. & Fridlund, A. J. (2004). Retribution: a means or an end? Proceedings of the Mind, Culture and Evolution Conference in Vancouver, BC 2004.